Author: Patrick Bourgalais
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2008
Translated from French by Google Translate
The existence of seemingly speechless human beings has always aroused curiosity, fascination and even concern. This is because they represent in the collective imagination man in his simplest expression, left to himself, in the most total destitution, deprived of any social relationship.
Entered into social history in the wake of the l’Abbé de l’Épée on the eve of the Revolution, the deaf-mute symbolizes abandonment, vulnerability and dependence. The compassion aroused by these "unfortunates" and the questions raised by their condition legitimized, therefore, a whole social thought that was to develop gradually, throughout the nineteenth century, on the theme of the education of young deaf people.
But beyond words, charity or charity proven, interested or agreed, what meanings can we give to the various remedies that society makes for the education of deaf children? What are the logics and issues that will govern the emergence of this social composition? What are the foundations underlying the educational discourse on hearing loss?
It is to these different questions that this book attempts to answer, based on the educational care of young deaf people in western France, from the Revolution to the eve of the Second World War."