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Items starting with I

IDP, Intelligent Document Processing

Intelligent Document Processing (IDP) is a technology that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to automate the processing of unstructured data contained in documents.

IDP uses AI to analyze these documents, identify key data points, and extract the data. The technology can recognize various types of data, such as names, addresses, dates, and product descriptions, and can convert that data into structured formats that can be easily processed and integrated into business workflows.

Intelligent document processing (IDP) is proving itself to be a crucial ally for those institutions looking to mine the depths of their archives and digitize works so that they might be searched for, consumed, and enjoyed by anyone with an internet connection. 

See: https://www.museumnext.com/article/what-is-idp-and-how-is-it-helping-museum-accessibility/

Intangible (Adj, N)

Something that you cannot touch. 

Intangible Cultural Heritage: the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills – as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cultural spaces associated therewith – that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their Cultural Heritage’ (UNESCO, 2003).

Examples of intangible heritage are oral traditions, performing arts, local knowledge, and traditional skills.

Also used as a noun: intangibles, artefacts and objects that you cannot touch.

Source: https://ich.unesco.org

Inventory (N, V)

A complete list of items such as property, goods in stock, or the contents of a building.

Used as a verb: to make an inventory.

IPR, Intellectual Property Rights

Intellectual property rights are legal rights that provide creators protection for original works, inventions, or the appearance of products, artistic works, scientific developments, and so on. There are four types of intellectual property rights (IP): patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets.

But the number of rights may be different, for different countries. For example, the Netherlands has 9 different kinds of rights (https://www.government.nl/topics/intellectual-property/protection-of-intellectual-property)

The main 4:

    • Copyright
      Copyright (or author’s right) is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works. Works covered by copyright range from books, music, paintings, sculpture, and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps, and technical drawings.

    • Patents
      A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. To get a patent, technical information about the invention must be disclosed to the public in a patent application.

    • Trademarks
      A trademark is a sign capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises. Trademarks are protected by intellectual property rights.
    • Trade secrets
      Trade secrets are intellectual property (IP) rights on confidential information which may be sold or licensed.

Source: World Intellectual Property Organization